Jeep Brake Caliper
Brake calipers are imperative to your Jeep's ability to stop and are unarguably one of the most important Jeep brake parts.
Most Jeeps today have disc brakes, at least for the front wheels. However, a lot of Jeeps preferably have disc brakes in the rear, too. In the disc-braking system the Jeep's wheels are attached to rotors that spin along with the wheels. The job of the Jeep break caliper is to slow the Jeep's wheels by causing friction with the break rotors.
The Jeep brake caliper is fitted over the break rotor like a clamp. The inside of each Jeep brake caliper is pair of metal plates (pistons) bonded with the Jeep brake pads. When you step on your Jeep's brake pedal, brake fluid from the master cylinder creates hydraulic pressure on one or more pistons in the brake caliper, forcing the brake pads against the rotor. This process slows your Jeep down or brings it to a complete halt.
Brake calipers come in two types: fixed calipers and floating (or sliding) calipers. Your Jeep uses the fixed caliper they're static and do not motion relative to the disc. The fixed caliper uses one or more pairs of contending pistons to clamp from each side of the disc, and is more complicated and expensive than a floating caliper. A fixed caliper is always the choice for a high performance vehicle like your Jeep. Floating caliper motions with respect to the disc, is less complex and low on performance hence doesn't suit the high performance vehicle like the Jeep.
The off-road nature of your Jeep need enhanced braking support hence the Jeep brake calipers incorporate extra when compared to a normal car. Bigger piston size, more number of pistons, Low heat retention, Differential bore calipers are some features which provide your Jeep braking-system the extra edge.
A Jeep brake caliper if properly maintained lasts for years, but lack of maintenance often makes car owners change the Jeep brake calipers much before they actually should. Your Jeep brakes work perfectly and your Jeep brake caliper are in proper condition, keep up with the regular maintenance. Remember to flush the brake fluid completely once in a year. If you do not adhere to this, your Jeep's hydraulic system may catch water and henceforth the rust. Corrosion may ruin your Jeep's brake caliper piston and in the long run, catches on to the caliper.
Worst thing to do to your Jeep brake caliper is avoid replacing their damaged brake pads, this allow the break caliper pistons to directly rub against the rotors and hence ruptures them beyond repair.
Leakage of brake fluids is the first signs of damage to your Jeep brake calipers. If you feel you need to change your Jeep brake calipers do not delay, do it right away!